Schizophrenia- All You Need To Know


Schizophrenia is a brain disease that affects over twenty million people in the world. It’s a highly treatable illness, and there is a slew of innovative schizophrenia therapies on the market that can help people live happier lives.

What Is Schizophrenia and How Does It Affect You?

Positive, negative, and disorganized schizophrenia are the three forms of schizophrenia, which are distinguished by the types of symptoms they show. In this article, Dr. Gurneet Sawhney who is one of the best Mumbai based neurosurgeon will discuss about these types of schizophrenia.

Positive/Psychotic Symptoms

People with positive signs of schizophrenia may have delusions or strange thoughts, or they may feel highly suspicious. They may be ignorant to reality and feel that others are conspiring against them. They might experience auditory or visual hallucinations. These hallucinations are typically negative or scary.

“People suffering from schizophrenia may have a skewed view of the world. The items they see or smell may not be representative of real-life, making ordinary objects frightening or peculiar. Light, color, and other distractions may be more sensitive in people with schizophrenia.”- Says Dr. Sawhney.

Negative Symptoms

Lack of feelings and energy are two negative signs of schizophrenia. People can find it difficult to feel or communicate their emotions, empathize with others, or relate to others. Isolation can result as a result of this. Negative symptoms can make it difficult to concentrate and complete tasks. It’s possible that they’ll need to be told to do easy stuff like bathe. Most of the signs resemble those of depression. Schizophrenics can find the world uninteresting and flat and believe that going out and doing things is pointless. Until spoken to, they can also say little to nothing.

Disorganized Symptoms

Schizophrenia symptoms can also be disorganized. These signs and symptoms are similar to those found in people with extreme ADHD or autism. Patients are unable to carry on discussions or solve problems due to their distorted thought and voice. They can make repetitive movements or stop moving for extended periods of time.

How Will a Schizophrenia Patient Act?

You can see signs of schizophrenia occurring between the ages of puberty and 40, which is when it usually occurs. Children and older adults, on the other hand, may develop schizophrenia. If your loved one has been sick for a long time, it may be a sign of schizophrenia. If the patient needs treatment when delusions or hallucinations cause odd behavior, you can note the first sign. Patients who get proper care have a fair chance of healing within a few months.

What Do I Expect If I Have Schizophrenia?

If you have schizophrenia, you should be conscious that this brain disorder has a wide variety of symptoms. Medications can help you manage your symptoms. You would most likely have a mild form of the disease if you take your medication exactly as prescribed. If this is the case, you can only have one or two relapses by the age of 45, with only mild symptoms. If you have mild schizophrenia, you will most likely experience multiple significant relapses before the age of 45, as well as symptoms during stressful periods and recurring symptoms in between relapses. A serious and erratic course of the disease is also caused by not taking medicine at all or falling out of care. You will only be stable for a short period of time

between relapses if you have this form. You may be experiencing severe symptoms and need assistance with your daily activities.

What Happens When a Patient Recovers?

Acute episodes can be healed from. When they start taking drugs to monitor their symptoms, they may start to feel better. They may still experience symptoms after that, but they will be much less severe. Maintenance is required between episodes to avoid mild and persistent symptoms. Many patients continue to improve during this stage.

Is a Proper Diagnosis Crucial?

Diagnosis is critical, especially because doctors must treat schizophrenia as soon as possible. Early detection can help to stabilize and avoid a variety of symptoms, as well as assist in a variety of other ways. The top priority for medical practitioners is to remove psychotic symptoms. This is normally completed in six weeks.

Doctors reevaluate patients’ care after they’ve been treated with antipsychotics. Since certain other diseases are identical to schizophrenia, a patient may be misdiagnosed. If patients consume alcohol, they must

reduce their consumption or abstain completely. Abusing alcohol or other medications can worsen schizophrenia. Doctors and other hospital personnel also want to lower a patient’s suicide risk, which is greatest in the early stages of schizophrenia. Suicidal thoughts can be treated with antipsychotic drugs including haloperidol. Aside from the standard antipsychotics, there are other medicines available.

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