5 Common Neurological Disorders & How To Spot Them


Did you know that millions are suffering from neurological disorders annually, but many don’t even know they actually have one? These include headaches, stroke and dementia. Knowing the symptoms can help in proper diagnoses and treatment.

Neurological disorders—or diseases of the brain, spine, and therefore the nerves that connect them—affect many people annually. What’s more, many of us don’t even know they actually have a nervous disorder. Understanding symptoms of neurological disorders is vital, because it can lead you to seek medical attention, which may end in proper diagnosis and effective treatment. In this article, Dr. Mohana Rao who is working with one of the best neurosurgery hospital in Guntur will discuss the foremost common neurological disorders we see and key ways to spot them.

  1. Headache

Headaches are one among the foremost common neurological disorders—and there are a spread of various sorts of headaches, like migraines, cluster headaches, and tension headaches. When headaches occur repeatedly, it’s a sign that you simply should see a doctor, because it might be a symbol of an underlying condition. The most common conditions which will cause recurring headaches include:

  • High BP
  • Infections
  • Temporal arteritis, or inflammation blood vessels in your scalp
  • Tumors

You need to discuss your symptoms with a neurology specialist to determine what’s causing your headache. If you’re just experiencing a migraine, doctors will prescribe you medication to alleviate your symptoms. If your condition are

some things serious, like arteritis, doctors frequently prescribe a steroid to scale back inflammation. The medication will assist you avoid complications like vision loss.

  1. Stroke

Strokes occur once you experience damage to the brain as a results of arteries resulting in the brain becoming impaired.

It’s usually difficult to anticipate a stroke, but signs that you simply could also be having a stroke include sudden:

  • Blurred vision
  • Confusion, trouble speaking, or understanding
  • Dizziness or loss of balance
  • Numbness or weakness of the arm, leg & face—especially on only one side of the body
  • Severe headache

When doctors see people that have experienced a stroke, the priority is to assist them prevent a second stroke. Doctors frequently do that through medication, which may include blood thinners or drugs to treat any underlying heart problems, but it depends on your particular situation. You can even lower your stroke risk by exercising half-hour each day, five days every week, and by following a healthy diet that prioritizes fruits and vegetables and limits processed food.

These following lifestyle modifications can assist you to prevent stroke risk:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • High BP
  • High cholesterol
  • Obesity and lack of exercise
  • Smoking
  1. Seizures

Seizures are changes within the brain’s electrical activity. Signs and symptoms of a seizure can vary counting on the severity of your seizure, but the foremost common include:

  • Cognitive or emotional symptoms, like fear, anxiety, or reminder
  • Loss of consciousness or awareness
  • Temporary confusion
  • Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs

After having a seizure, it is vital to see your doctor. Early treatment and proper medicines can control your seizures, and you’ll be able to avoid long-term complications like amnesia and brain damage. A seizure often is that the results of epilepsy, but also can happen due to:

  • Alcohol abuse
  • Head trauma that causes internal bleeding within the brain
  • High fever
  • Lack of sleep
  • Low blood sodium
  • Medications, like antidepressants or pain relievers
  1. Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is basically a progressive nervous system disorder that affects your movement. In general, it will start affecting people after the age of 60, and symptoms gradually worsen over time as you get older. Common symptoms include:

  • Constipation: this will occur at any time during Parkinson’s disease, sometimes even decades before youexperience motor symptoms.
  • Muscle stiffness: this will occur throughout your body; in some cases, it is often difficult to swing your arms whileyou walk.
  • Reduced smell: most of the people with Parkinson’s disease have some loss of their sense of smell.
  • Stiff face: Especially within the early stages of Parkinson’s disease, your face may begin showing little or no
  • Speech changes: Your speech might become slurred.
  • Tremor: Usually starts in your hands or fingers.

In many cases, you will be able to alleviate symptoms and manage Parkinson’s disease effectively through medication.

  1. Dementia

Dementia is an umbrella diagnosis that describes a group of diseases, including Alzheimer’s, which will cause your brain to fail. Dementia, which becomes increasingly more likely as you age, results in continuous loss of brain tissue, which may affect:

  • Behavior
  • Emotions
  • Memory
  • Perceptions
  • Thinking

If you are feeling as if you are experiencing symptoms of dementia, see your doctor. Some medications and therapies can assist you manage symptoms. Moreover, your doctor can connect you with support groups to assist you manage life with dementia.

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